There are 46 countries in Europe, ranging from tiny Vatican City to the largest country in the world by area, Russia. Every single one of these countries is unique in its culture, its customs and traditions and in its sights. Although a number of them are united in one political entity, European countries often display such a vast range of differences that it can be hard to believe they are even on the same continent.

Choose from the list of countries below to go to each country’s portal page.


CountryPopulationArea in km²Capital
Albania2,846,00028,748Tirana
Andorra77,500468Andorra la Vella
Austria8,902,60083,879Vienna
Belarus9,408,400207,595Minsk
Belgium11,492,60030,689Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,301,00051,129Sarajevo
Bulgaria6,951,500110,994Sofia
Croatia4,058,20056,594Zagreb
Cyprus1,189,3009,251Nicosia
Czech Republic10,693,90078,866Prague
Denmark5,824,90042,933Copenhagen
Estonia1,329,00045,227Tallinn
Finland5,528,700338,455Helsinki
France67,081,000543,940Paris
Germany83,166,700357,022Berlin
Greece10,724,600131,957Athens
Hungary9,772,80093,030Budapest
Iceland364,100102,775Reykjavik
Ireland4,977,40070,273Dublin
Italy60,317,100301,340Rome
Kosovo1,810,50010,887Pristina
Latvia1,907,70064,589Riga
Liechtenstein38,700160Vaduz
Lithuania2,794,30065,300Vilnius
Luxembourg626,1002,586Luxembourg City
Malta514,600316Valletta
Moldova2,640,40033,846Chisinau
Monaco38,3002Monte Carlo
Montenegro622,40013,812Podgorica
Netherlands17,418,80041,865The Hague
North Macedonia2,077,10025,713Skopje
Norway5,432,600385,207Oslo
Poland38,383,000312,696Warsaw
Portugal10,295,90092,212Lisbon
Romania19,318,000238,397Bucharest
Russia144,386,80017,098,246Moscow
San Marino34,20061San Marino
Serbia6,963,80088,361Belgrade
Slovakia5,457,90049,035Bratislava
Slovenia2,095,90020,271Ljubljana
Spain47,431,300505,990Madrid
Sweden10,343,400450,295Stockholm
Switzerland8,570,10041,285Bern
Ukraine41,661,000603,628Kyiv
United Kingdom67,886,000242,495London
Vatican City8250.5Vatican City